Erectile dysfunction (ED), also known as impotence, is a condition in which a man has difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection sufficient for sexual activity. ED can be caused by a variety of physical and psychological factors, or a combination of both.
Physical causes of ED include cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, tobacco use, alcohol and drug abuse, certain prescription medications, hormonal imbalances, and nerve damage.
Psychological causes of ED can include anxiety, depression, stress, relationship issues, and performance anxiety.
Other factors that can contribute to ED include age, a sedentary lifestyle, and a poor diet.
Treatment options for ED depend on the underlying cause and may include medication, lifestyle changes, therapy, or in some cases, surgery. Medications like sildenafil (Viagra), tadalafil (Cialis), and vardenafil (Levitra) can help improve blood flow to the penis, making it easier to achieve and maintain an erection. Lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, losing weight, and exercising regularly can also help improve ED. Psychological therapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, can be helpful in addressing psychological causes of ED. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair blood vessels or nerves in the penis.
If you are experiencing ED, it is important to speak with an Optimal T provider to determine the underlying cause and appropriate treatment.