BPH stands for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, which is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland in men. The prostate is a small gland that is part of the male reproductive system and is located near the bladder.
BPH is a common condition that affects many older men, usually over the age of 50. It occurs when the prostate gland grows in size and presses against the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body. This can cause problems with urination, such as difficulty starting or stopping, weak urine flow, and the need to urinate frequently, especially at night.
BPH is usually diagnosed through a physical exam, medical history, and various tests, such as a urine flow study or a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test. Treatment for BPH may involve medication, minimally invasive procedures, or surgery, depending on the severity of the condition and the individual's symptoms.